14 Mar How Long Does Oxycodone Stay in Your Urine?
People in the United States consume more Oxycodone than any other country in the world. And like other narcotics and painkillers, consumers may be curious as to how long the drug stays in their system. The length of time that Oxycodone stays in a person’s system depends on a variety of factors.
There are a few main variables that determine the duration of the drug’s presence in the body, the first being a person’s metabolism. The quicker someone’s body processes what they ingest, the quicker it will leave their system. The second factor is hydration and body mass. Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water means a person’s body will retain less fluid, thus allowing Oxycodone to pass through their body at a quicker rate.
Finally, the length of time this drug stays in a person’s body depends on the amount and frequency of use. A first time user can typically pass a drug through their system quicker than a frequent user whose body has built up a tolerance.
What Is Oxycodone?
Oxycodone is an opioid pain medication that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. It was created in Germany in 1916 as one of many semi-synthetic drugs developed in order to try to improve upon existing opioids derived from the poppy plant.
Martin Freund and Edmund Speyer first synthesized Oxycodone at the University of Frankfurt in Germany. This came a few years after the German pharmaceutical company Bayer had stopped the mass production of heroin due to its dangerous effects and high risk for dependence. It was hoped that Oxycodone would retain the pain-relieving effects of morphine and heroin, but with less dependence. However, this was ultimately not found to be the case. Oxycodone has proven to be highly addictive and because of this, there are many Oxycodone addition treatment programs to help people with the withdrawals.
Under the Controlled Substances Act put in place by President Nixon in 1971, Oxycodone is considered a Schedule II controlled substance, whether by itself or part of a multi-ingredient medication. In 1996, Purdue Pharma introduced OxyContin, a controlled release formulation of Oxycodone. The product has been a commercial success, and since its introduction, Purdue has sold more than $31 billion of OxyContin.
Oxycodone is available as single-ingredient medication in immediate-release and extended-release form. The extended-release formula is used for around-the-clock treatment of pain. 20 milligrams of immediate-release Oxycodone is equivalent to 30 milligrams of morphine. The extended-release form is considered to be twice as potent as oral morphine.
Who Is Supposed to Take Oxycodone?
Doctors prescribe Oxycodone to patients with the intent to relieve cancer pain, trauma pain, or pain due to major surgeries. In the United States, extended-release Oxycodone is approved for use in children as young as 11 years old. For children who have already been treated with opioids and can tolerate at least 20 milligrams per day of Oxycodone, the drug provides an alternative to Duragesic (fentanyl), which is the only other extended-release opioid pain reliever approved for children.
Oxycodone is effective at treating short episodes of pain. When combined with acetaminophen, it can be effective in treating short-term pain from surgeries, dental procedures, injuries, or migraines. It is twice as potent as morphine and has a higher absorption rate in the body.
Oxycodone can relieve pain associated with all stages of cancer. The extended-release formulation of the narcotic is prescribed to treat moderate-to-severe pain in cancer patients. Pain intensity typically decreases significantly within one day of use and continues to decrease each day for people who use Oxycodone for a short period of time.
What Are the Effects of Oxycodone?
The most common effects of Oxycodone include pain relief, euphoria, and feelings of relaxation. However, common side effects include constipation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, itching, dry mouth, and sweating. Less common side effects include loss of appetite, nervousness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and urine retention. In high doses, Oxycodone can cause shallow breathing, cold or clammy skin, sleep apnea, hypotension, circulatory collapse, respiratory arrest, and in some cases, death.
The risk of experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms is high if a patient has become physically dependent and stops using Oxycodone abruptly. If the drug has been prescribed to be taken regularly over an extended period, it is typically withdrawn gradually rather than abruptly. People who regularly use Oxycodone recreationally or at higher dose than prescribed are at an even higher risk of severe withdrawal symptoms.
The symptoms of Oxycodone withdrawal, as with other opioids, may include anxiety, panic attacks, nausea, insomnia, muscle pain, muscle weakness, fevers, and other flu-like symptoms.
How Do People Become Addicted to Oxycodone?
Opioid painkillers are often prescribed for long-term pain management, which may cause psychological dependence and an increased tolerance for the drug’s effects. This can lead to increased dosages that put patients at risk for addiction or overdose. Oxycodone is a very potent drug, and even when used as prescribed, its effects may be dangerous.
The opiate properties in Oxycodone cause it to produce euphoria and an intense feeling of wellbeing. But taking it in large doses over a long period of time can damage vital organs such as the liver and kidneys.
Sports injuries are common reasons for doctors to prescribe opiate drugs like Oxycodone for pain management. However, as with any narcotic, the potential for misuse is always looming. Addictions from prescriptions occur when certain physical and emotional changes take place and the individual is no longer able to control their drug use. Oxycodone is usually only intended for short-term use, and addiction can develop in as little as two weeks.
Who Else Uses Oxycodone?
As with many other prescription painkillers, Oxycodone is used recreationally in high volumes by those who do not have a prescription. Oxycodone tends to induce feelings of euphoria, relaxation, and reduced anxiety in people who use it occasionally. These effects make it one of the most commonly abused pharmaceutical drugs in the United States.
In an attempt to prevent abuse of the drug, Purdue Pharma reformulated the extended-release Oxycodone in 2010 to make the pills extremely difficult to crush or dissolve in water. In 2013, the FDA approved re-labeling of reformulated version as abuse-resistant. The new formulation makes crushing, chewing, snorting, or injecting the opioid impractical because of a change in its chemical properties.
Oxycodone is the opioid most widely used recreationally in the United States. The Department of Health and Human Services estimates that about 11 million people in the US consume Oxycodone in a non-medical way each year. Reformulated OxyContin is causing some recreational users to turn to heroin, which is cheaper and easier to obtain.
How Long Does Oxycodone Stay in Your Body?
Oxycodone is distributed through the blood system to a person’s skeletal muscle, liver, intestinal tract, lungs, spleen, and brain. When taken by mouth on an empty stomach, the immediate-release formulation will start to reduce pain within ten to fifteen minutes, while OxyContin starts to reduce pain within one hour.
The painkiller is metabolized by the the liver, making it vulnerable to drug interactions. People with high metabolisms may experience reduced narcotic effects, as Oxycodone passes through their body at a quicker than normal rate. Slow metabolizers who take the drug may experience increased toxicity without any improvement to their pain.
According to the Interagency Medical Providers dosing guidelines, opioids such as Oxycodone can stay present in a person’s body for five to eight days. While this is true for any presence of the substance in your system, this does not mean that the Oxycodone is still producing its pain-reducing effects.
Increasing the amount of Oxycodone consumed will often increase a user’s tolerance. This is true for most substance abuse. However, with Oxycodone the effect can be deadly. As Oxycodone stays in a person’s body and they consume more and more to feel the effects, it becomes increasingly likely that an overdose will occur.
Narcan (or Naloxone) is a drug that can reverse opioid overdose. It removes opioids from their receptors in the brain, and makes it possible for a person to begin to breathe again and regain other bodily functions. However, Narcan does not remove the opioids from the body. Using more opiates directly after being given Narcan can result in secondary overdose episode.
How Does Oxycodone Show Up in Drug Tests?
A person who takes a lower dosage of the Oxycodone will test with lower levels sooner than someone who is on a higher dosage. Different types of tests call for different detection times. Oxycodone is detectable in blood tests for about twenty-four hours, in saliva tests for one to four days, urine tests for three to four days, and hair tests for up to ninety days.
Oxycodone is mainly excreted from the body through urine and sweat. A typical urine sample will test positive three to four days after use of the drug. A saliva sample is the most commonly used test. This sample can give information about Oxycodone use one to four days after the administration. Because it is a synthetic drug, there are special types of drug tests for Oxycodone called “extended opioids” tests. These tests can detect oxycodone concentrations in urine for four or more days after it is used.
Blood concentrations of Oxycodone are detectable up to twenty-four hours after it is ingested. As with any other drug, a single human hair does not provide information about the current presence of drugs in the body. However, it can show evidence of precise amounts of drug use and approximate timing of consumption within the last ninety days, or sometimes longer.
Is Oxycodone a Gateway Drug?
Oxycodone addiction is one of the most common drug addictions in the United States, largely due to the belief that the painkiller was safe when it first entered the market. Since 2000, prescription rates for opioids have skyrocketed, resulting in many people taking them on a regular basis.
As prescriptions become harder to get, or doctors realize that there is no longer a medical need to write refills, many users will turn to other methods of securing the drug. This will often result in people continuing to buy Oxycodone on the street. It is also common for addicts to turn to illegal opiates, such as heroin, during this stage.
Millions of people do use prescription opioids safely, and doctors generally prescribe them conscientiously. However, for some patients, prescription painkillers can act as an introduction to an opiate high. In many parts of the country, heroin is much cheaper than prescription opiates, which appeals to people who have a chronic addiction.
Prescription opioids have become one of the largest public health concerns in the United States. While Oxycodone is a viable pain management option in severe cases, prescription opioids are often over-prescribed by physicians and misused by patients.
Opioid addiction most often occurs after a doctor prescribes the drug for pain relief, and it can impact anyone, anytime, anywhere. Presence of Oxycodone in the body can cause problems much greater than the repercussions of a positive drug test. It can lead to a dangerous addiction and wreak havoc on every aspect of a person’s life.