Inpatient Drug & Alcohol Rehab Center

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Drug Abuse

Drug addiction is a chronic disease noted primarily by the compulsive need to seek and use drugs. While many people make the initial choice to use a drug, repeated drug use actually alters a person’s brain.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, abusing alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs costs the United States over $700 billion a year in crime, health care, and lost work productivity. Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health run by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shows that about 23.5 million U.S. citizens over the age of 12 needed medical help for illicit drug or alcohol abuse in 2009.

Symptoms and Side Effects of Drug Use

Drugs have a wide range of different effects on the body and can generally be broken down into three main types:

  • Depressants slow down nervous system activity, inhibiting messages sent between your brain, body, and nervous system, slowing things down and relaxing the muscles.
  • Stimulants jumpstart the brain and the central nervous system, leading to increased alertness and physical activity.
  • Hallucinogens interfere with your central nervous system, radically distorting how you perceive reality.

Side effects of drug use vary but may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Impaired cognition
  • Reduced coordination
  • Sleep problems
  • Nausea or digestive discomfort

Complications of Drug Abuse

Drug abuse and addiction can cause you to make bad choices, lash out at loved ones, and behave recklessly. It can take away your self-control and prevent you from living a full, rewarding life.
Drug abuse also leads to complications with your physical health, including:

  • HIV/AIDS from sharing needles
  • Hepatitis, a serious liver disease that can come from sharing needles or drinking too much alcohol
  • Certain forms of cancer

Dangers of Drug Use

Sustained drug abuse can be a danger to your physical, emotional, and mental health, presenting potentially permanent symptoms and conditions that could completely alter your life. These include:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney damage
  • Respiratory problems

Symptoms of Drug Addiction

Addiction is based on a chemical imbalance caused by drug abuse. It’s not a personal choice. Some people may be more prone to addiction based on genetics, family history, social environment, and mental health. Drugs affect neurotransmitters throughout your body. In response, your brain and nervous system may produce less of the neurotransmitter or alter its function. Your dependence essentially becomes a way to maintain normalcy.

Some common symptoms of drug addiction include:

  • Neglecting responsibilities
  • Using drugs under knowingly dangerous conditions or taking risks while high
  • Problems in personal relationships 
  • Everything you do revolving around using or obtaining drugs


  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Shaking
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia

Medical Intervention for Drug Abuse

Medical intervention is an important step in detox. Medicine attempts to return your body’s chemicals to normal, expedite the process by making your body reject the drug, or ease withdrawal symptoms. Some common medications used in drug detox include:

  • Methadone
  • Naltrexone
  • Buprenorphine
  • Bupropion

Drug Detox Process

Detox is a necessary first step to recovering from drug abuse. While some may seek outpatient care, inpatient treatment is the best option. Through inpatient treatment, you are admitted to a detox facility where you stay for the remainder of your treatment.

Inpatient care is the best option for detox as it:

  • Gives you immediate access to medical support
  • Ensures a supportive, comfortable environment to help you focus on sobriety
  • Offers a team of counselors to provide emotional support and motivation

Access to a medical team is one of the best reasons to choose inpatient care. They can guarantee that you receive any necessary medications and provide peace of mind in the event that you experience any intense withdrawals or emergencies.

Addiction Ends Here

Detox often leads directly into rehabilitation or other long-term programs, like the 12-step program offered by Alcoholics Anonymous. Detox equips your body for better health, while rehab gives you the tools for long-term sobriety and health. At HARP, we can help you or your loved one find the road to recovery through our holistic, proprietary approach to treatment. If you have any questions about inpatient alcohol rehab or drug treatment, please call us now at 561-379-3299.

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