Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, is a common mental disorder often characterized by sudden shifts in mood, activity, and energy. It is closely tied to depression disorders.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 5.7 million (or 2.6 percent) of American adults are affected by bipolar disorder in a given year. An astounding 82.9 percent of these individuals suffer from severe cases of bipolar disorder.
There are four different types of bipolar disorder, each noted by sudden shifts in mood from manic episodes, where you are extremely energetic and elated, to depressive episodes, where you are feel extremely sad and hopeless. The different types of bipolar disorder include:
This is defined by manic episodes that last at least a week and are so severe that you must be hospitalized. Depressive episodes last at least 2 weeks.
This form of bipolar disorder features varied patterns of depression and hypomania without the complete manic episodes of bipolar I.
In cyclothymia, patients express numerous depressive and hypomanic periods for at least 2 years, but the symptoms may be less severe than bipolar I or II.
Bipolar disorder is noted by periods of intense emotion, unusual behaviors, and troubled sleep. These periods are called mood episodes and are dramatically different from what you would normally feel or do.
Sometimes, you may have a mood episode that mixes symptoms of both depression and mania, so you might feel incredibly empty and sad but still feel highly energized. Some people with bipolar disorder experience hypomania, a less intense form of mania. Without treatment, someone with hypomania may develop depression or severe mania.
If you need help or have questions about receiving treatment for bipolar disorder, please don’t hesitate to contact HARP at (877) 806-5022.