Valium is the brand name for diazepam, a prescription drug used to treat seizures, alcohol withdrawals, and muscle spasms. Valium is most often prescribed as a treatment for panic attacks and general anxiety disorders.
A study from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration found that over 24,000 trips to the emergency room involved diazepam in 2011. In 2004, that number was at a still very high 16,000.
Diazepam is in a class of tranquilizer drugs called benzodiazepines. When taken, Valium depresses normal functions in the brain and central nervous system to instill immense emotional calm and physical relaxation. Someone who has taken Valium will seem more laidback and slowed down. Other common side effects of Valium use include:
Valium addiction is also associated with numerous health complications, including:
Addiction to Valium and other drugs is based on chemical dependency. Taking Valium affects levels of GABA, a neurotransmitter that inhibits certain brain activities, resulting in the characteristic calm feelings. GABA also affects the amount of dopamine in the system, which triggers reward pathways. Users may then consistently abuse Valium to feel that sense of reward.
Common medications that your doctor may prescribes for Valium abuse include:
Detox aims to rid yourself of the harmful chemicals that have accumulated in your body. This is accomplished through a combination of therapy, medication, and tapering off of drug use.
Inpatient care remains the best option for detox treatment. It provides you with a safe setting for you to focus on your detox without worrying about negative influences. Most importantly, inpatient facilities give you full access to a medical team. That means that if you need medication or counseling, you have a professional team on hand to provide immediate assistance.
Detox is just the first step on your road to recovery and leads directly into a longer rehab program. Where detox works on your physical needs, rehab targets your personal issues to get at the root of your addiction. Through rehab, you can gain new knowledge and develop tools to help you maintain long-term sobriety and health.